Written by Nele Feldmann. Published on July 30, 2018. The Republic of Yemen was established on May 22, 1990 unifying the North and the South. While hopes for an economically prosperous, politically stable, and peaceful Yemen were high, political violence, including the assassination of former members of the Southern Socialist Party, gripped the country destroying the dreams of a peaceful transition to become one unified Yemen. 28 years after the unification of the North and the South, continuous political conflict, economic hardship, and rivalries between different ethnic groups, have left Yemen deeply divided. Read more.