Written by Nele Feldmann. Published on June 11, 2018. A legacy of colonialism, military coups, the Iran-Iraq War from 1980-1988, the Gulf War in 1990, and the US-led invasion in 2003 have deeply destabilized Iraq and created a divided and conflict-torn state. The polarization of Iraq’s various ethnic groups, competing political interests, and the volatile situation in the region have further deteriorated the security situation and the country’s battle against ISIS has been devastating to the Iraqi people. According to the UNHCR 3 million Iraqis are internally displaced, 260,000 are refugees in other countries, and 8.7 million people are in need of humanitarian aid. Read More.